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February 8-9, 1861 - The southern states that seceded create a government at Montgomery, Alabama, and the Confederate States of America are formed. - Outside of Charleston Harbor, the Confederate. Confederates pass through York and reach the bridge over the Susquehanna River at Columbia, but Union militia set fire to the bridge, denying access to the east shore. RANCHO DOMINGUEZ: Sat. June 20, 1861-At the culmination of the Wheeling Convention, the region that composed the northwestern counties of Virginia broke away from that state to form West Virginia, officially designated and accepted as the thirty fifth state of the Union on June 20, 1863. The Union victory weakened the Confederate hold on the state. May 26, 1865- General Simon Bolivar Buckner enters into terms for surrender of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi, which are agreed to on June 2, 1865.The Civil War officially ends. - Sherman's Army leaves Savannah to march through the Carolinas. April 10, Battle of Franklin, Tennessee. September 20, 1861- Lexington, Missouri falls to Confederate forces under Sterling Price. The victory is the culmination of his 1862 Valley Campaign. - State in which th… After two days of maneuvering and intense fighting, Johnston withdraws. Unfortunately, the result of the campaign would be less than desired as it drew to a close in the first week of May with Confederates still in firm control of most of the state. Important Dates of the Civil War Timeline created by A. L. Wilson. May 24: Col. Elmer Ellsworth, a friend of President Lincoln, was killed while removing a Confederate flag from the roof of Marshall House in Alexandria, West Virginia. American Civil War, four-year war (1861–65) fought between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded to form the Confederate States of America. Johnston remains on this line until July 2, when he retreats at the threat being flanked by Sherman's mobile force. Some Russian locations dragged their feet buying new calendars, so we will keep showing old style dates a little while longer. Among those garrisoning the fort were African American troops, many of whom were murdered by Forrest's angered troopers after they had surrendered. - Battle of Jonesborough, Georgia. This change in command signals a new Confederate strategy to thwart Sherman's campaign, though the end result will be disastrous for the southern cause. November 23-25, 1863- The Battle for Chattanooga. War of Rights is a multiplayer game set during the perilous days of the American Civil War, in the Maryland Campaign of September, 1862. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. It is virtually impossible to measure the human costs of the Civil War, the hardships and suffering it caused. President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address. Among the Union troops is the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry, the first African American regiment of volunteers to see combat. earthworks and forts are engineered to surround the City of Washington, Battle of Second Bull Run (or Second Manassas), Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Mississippi, Battle of the Crater at Petersburg, Virginia. Union occupation of this fort at the mouth of the Cape Fear River closes access to Wilmington, the last southern seaport on the east coast that was open to blockade runners and commercial shipping. January 15,1865..Wilmington, N.Carolina, a haven for CSA blockade runners is captured by Admiral David Porter and a ground force under Union General Alfred Terry capture Fort Fisher. Hunley, a seven-man submergible craft, attacked the USS Houstonic outside of Charleston, South Carolina. January 19, 1862- Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky. Confederate troops under General Hood evacuate the city of Atlanta. January 1861 - Six additional southern states secede from the Union. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. - Abraham Lincoln is nominated by his party for a second term as president. December 20, 1860- South Carolina secedes from the Union. - Battle of Resaca, Georgia. Nov 23, 1863. In pencil mounted on cloth. One-by-one, southern states would secede from the Union prompting the North to finally declare war. Rosecrans' army retreats to the supply base at Chattanooga, Tennessee. November 27 to December 3, 1863- Siege of Knoxville, Tennessee. February 16, 1862- Surrender of Fort Donelson, Tennessee. July 4- Vicksburg, Mississippi, surrenders to the Union Army under Grant. The Battle of Shiloh (Pittsburg Landing). Campfire Games is devoted to presenting the gruesome and glorious elements of the period, while maintaining the highest level of historical accuracy and realism as is possible with the wonders of CRYENGINE. Chinese Civil War, (1945–49), military struggle for control of China waged between the Nationalists (Kuomintang) under Chiang Kai-shek and the Communists under Mao Zedong.. - Escape from Libby Prison, Richmond. February 17, 1865- Sherman's Army captures Columbia, South Carolina while Confederate defenders evacuate Charleston, South Carolina. Pinterest. Applauded by many abolitionists including. - A Union fleet of gunships under Admiral David Farragut passes Confederate forts guarding the mouth of the Mississippi River. General Simon Bolivar Buckner enters into terms for surrender of the Army of the Trans-Mississippi, which are agreed to on June 2, 1865.The Civil War officially ends. April 7, Cumberland Church, Virginia* July 21, First Battle of Bull Run Manassas, Virginia, November 7–8, Battle of Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, February 8, Roanoke Island, North Carolina At Savannah, his troops will take Fort McAllister and force Confederate defenders to evacuate the city. April 12, 1861- Southern forces fire upon Fort Sumter, South Carolina. Though the battle was a Union defeat, it was also touted as "the battle that saved Washington" for it succeeded in holding back Early's march until troops could be sent to the capital's defense. Lee successfully outmaneuvers Meade though fails to bring him to battle or catch him in the open. Condition:--not specified “ These coins come in varying degrees of condition- Some coins display toning and appear brighter as a ”... Read more. July 1–3, Battle of Gettyburg, Pennsylvania May 4-5, 1864- Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia, the opening battle of the "Overland Campaign" or "Wilderness Campaign". First battle between the ironclad warships. Union officers and officials in Washington believe this to be the final battle in the Shenandoah Valley. October 8, Battle of Perryville, Kentucky. Lee responded by attacking the Union column in the dense woods and underbrush of an area known as the Wilderness, west of Fredericksburg, Virginia. That night the Army of Northern Virginia crosses the Potomac River and the Gettysburg Campaign ends. June 19, 1864- The USS Kearsarge sinks the Confederate raider CSS Alabama near Cherbourg, France. A skirmish involving over 3,000 soldiers, Philippi was the. Free shipping . The Civil War ended on April 9th, 1865. The capture of Vicksburg gives the Union complete control of the Mississippi River, a vital supply line for the Confederate states in the west. Fort Sumter Attacked On April 12, 1861, Fort Sumter was attacked by the Confederates. 1861 CN Indian Head Cent Penny 1C Damaged Civil War Era Good Date US Coin CC4316. - Confederate President Jefferson Davis is captured near Irwinville, Georgia. The culmination of the Stones River Campaign, the battle of Stones River had the highest casualty rates on both sides. April 9, General Robert E. Lee surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia (*Collectively known as the Appomattox Campaign.). The largest cavalry battle of the Civil War, it also marks the beginning of the Gettysburg Campaign. Sherman's army is stalled in its drive northward from Fayetteville but succeeds in passing around the Confederate forces toward its object of Raleigh. Confederate forces under Braxton Bragg surround the occupied city. May 8-21, 1864- Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia. June 8, 1864- Abraham Lincoln is nominated by his party for a second term as president. Nevertheless, the war remains one of the most misunderstood events in American history. When antislavery candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected president (1860), the … Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . April 2, 1865- The Fall of Petersburg and Richmond. (Leslie's Illustrated History of the Civil War). February 27, 1864- In Georgia, Camp Sumter Prison Camp opens. Date: 1861; Map [Theatre of war in Virginia.]. A portion of Lee's Army- almost one-third of it- is cornered along the banks of Sailor's (or "Saylor's") Creek and annihilated. Ford's Theatre - Washington. Hood's second effort to throw back Union forces under Sherman brings him heavy casualties with no positive results. South Carolina is quickly followed by Florida, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, and Texas. The player is instead put into the boots of president / commander-in-chief of the operational aspects of the war. - Fall of Atlanta, Georgia. July 30, Battle of the Crater, Siege of Petersburg, Virginia Major Battles of the Civil War Jul 21, 1861. Despite some taking of outside works and defenses, the toll for Hood's forces is too heavy including the loss of six of his generals. Battle of Appomattox Court House and Surrender, Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Jefferson Davis is appointed the first President of the Confederate States of America at Montgomery, Alabama, a position he will hold until elections can be arranged. Pictures, photos, and images from The American Civil War Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America March 4, 1861 to April 15, The end of World War II and the collapse of the United Front. - Union Capture and Occupation of Meridian, Mississippi. Attack on the Defenses of Washington. The end of World War II and the collapse of the United Front. General Stuart was mortally wounded during the encounter. 0. var NetMarketingAdvisers_goal = { id: "1275" }; Civil War Times Editor Dana Shoaf shares the story of how Battery H of the 3rd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery found itself in the middle of the Battle of Gettysburg. Union troops retreat in the direction of Nashville. Within two days the forts fall into Union hands and the mouth of the great river is under Union control. June 12 - Union troops occupy Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia. December 17, 1860- The first Secession Convention meets in Columbia, South Carolina. The result of the battle ends General Lee's first invasion of the North. Though 48 of the escapees were later captured and two drowned, 59 were able to make their way into Union lines. As a result of this call for volunteers, four additional southern states secede from the Union in the following weeks. The majority of the essays in Gary Gallagher’s The Enduring Civil War: Reflections on the Great American Crisis first appeared as columns that he regularly writes for this magazine, and that he began at... Get inside articles from the world's premier publisher of history magazines. The decisive Union victory sends the Confederate Army south into Georgia where General Bragg reorganizes his forces before resigning from command on November 30. Civil War – Standard raised: Charles raised his standard at Nottingham formally declaring war. In History. The songs were evocative of personal loss and the horrors of war. Fact #1: The Civil War was fought between the Northern and the Southern states from 1861-1865. February 22, 1865- Wilmington, NC, falls to Union troops, closing the last important southern port on the east coast. Unfortunately, the result of the campaign would be less than desired as it drew to a close in the first week of May with Confederates still in firm control of most of the state. The Spanish Civil War (Spanish: Guerra Civil Española) was a civil war in Spain fought from 1936 to 1939. The arrival of Union reinforcements forces him to withdraw to Greeneville, Tennessee, where his corps will spend the winter. - Sherman's Army occupies Fayetteville, North Carolina. Civil War Timeline 1865 ..the final year of the Civil War. Beauregard was the official start of the Civil War. Sep 19, 1863. February 11–16, Siege of Fort Donelson, Tennessee June 14-15, 1863- Battle of Second Winchester,Virginia. 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